ရန်ကုန်မြို့တော်စည်ပင်သာယာရေးကော်မတီ၊ ပတ်ဝန်းကျင်ထိန်းသိမ်းရေးနှင့်သန့်ရှင်းရေးဌာနမှ ပြည်သူသို့ပေးနေသောဝန်ဆောင်မှုများ

စည်ပင်သာယာရေး





Services rendered by the Pollution Control and Cleansing Department, Yangon City Development Committee

Pollution Control and Cleansing Department

Services

Cleansing services of the department are as follows:

1. Cleansing services of the department

  • Sweep, collect and transport the waste from roads and streets in the townships that have to pay tax accuracy of waste within the boundary area of Yangon City Development Committee.

  • Plan and manage suitable waste collection systems for disposing waste in taxed townships and wards.

  • Designate disposal places, construct brick tanks and keep waste bins in order to carry out the designated collection systems regularly.

  • Guide to clean the waste in non-tax accuracy of government buildings , compounds and campus tax and to discard the waste in designated places.

  • Manage to dispose the collected waste at final disposal site.

  • Open the advanced public toilets with charges.

  • Keep cemeteries for burial and cremation.

  • Supervise necessary preventive ways for water pollution, air pollution and soil pollution and noise pollution in order to prevent environmental pollution.

  • Take action for irresponsible dumping according to laws, by-laws and directive.


2. Classification of Waste

  • Kitchen Waste means all useless materials throw away from houses, apartments and kitchens except garden waste.

  • Garden Waste means all waste from pruning / cutting trees, grass, bushes within compound and broken parts of house and furniture.

  • Factory Waste means all useless materials thrown away from factories.

  • Construction Waste means all useless materials thrown away from construction sites.

  • Commercial Waste means all useless materials thrown away from commercial business factories.

  • General Waste means all useless materials such as kitchen waste and other waste except green waste, factory waste, construction waste and commercial waste.

  • Disguising Waste means dead bodies of animals, excrement, smelling muck from animals, blood, smelling liquid or dirt.

  • Hospital Waste means all useless materials thrown away from State owned hospitals, organizations owned hospitals, private owned hospitals and clinics within the city area.


3. Collection Systems and time, kinds of waste to be discarded

  • Brick Tank System : evening (6 - 11) pm, morning (6 - 10)am

  • Dumping Site System : discard at Euro Standard Size dust bins and also at brick tanks which are kept in townships at set time.

  • Bell Ringing System : collect the waste with bell ringing truck and cart on the designated date and time after negotiation with ward supervisors

  • Dispose the waste in green and blue bags designated by Committee and tie safely waste bags. And then discard waste bags with the above 3 systems. Here it must be noted that the waste must be kitchen waste.


4. Separate Waste Disposed System

  • Wet waste such as kitchen waste, left-over, flowers can be discarded safely tight with blue bags daily.

  • Dry waste such as paper, cork, plastic, broken toys, pieces of metal, pieces of wire can be discarded safely tight with green bags weekly (Wednesday and Sunday).


5. Cleaning and Collection of tax and revenue according to townships

Quarter by years Fee of Waste Collection is collected in 32 townships in the boundary of Yangon City Development Committee. The townships are divided into three groups: CBD , Sub-Urban and Satellite. Currently, waste collection fee is collected by on-line receipt since October 2014.

The current waste collection systems and time: kinds of waste for discarding

  • Collection fee is 20 kyat per day in CBD (15) townships and collect (1800) Kyat per quarter by month

  • Collection fee is 15 kyat per day in Sub-Urban (10) township and collect (1350) Kyat per quarter by month

  • Collection fee is 10 kyat per day in Satellite (7) townships and collect (900) Kyat per quarter by month

This collection of tax is not door-to-door system and it only collects for kitchen waste which is disposed at the designated collection systems.


6. Collection of tax for commercial waste

The enterprises such as Hotel, Motel, Inn, Guesthouse, hospitals and clinic and in the area of Yangon City Development Committee are collected for tax based on the kind and size of the enterprises as follows-

Minimum of 500 kyats to maximum of 600000 kyats for business

Minimum of 1500 kyats to maximum of 600000 kyats for hospital /clinic

Minimum of 4000 kyats to maximum of 400000 kyats for Hotel, Motel, Inn, Guest house


7. On Call ( Separated waste charge)

- Apart from the Kitchen waste, construction waste, factory and plant waste, garden, park, yard waste and other no cleansing tax can be dumped by renting the following vehicles in the fixed rate and disposal.

Serial

type of vehicle

rate ( MMK)

(a)

Small Vehicle
Ahar Man Thit/GBS

35000

(b)

Median size vehicle (5)ton
(Cheng Long)

70000

(c)

Large Vehicle (7.5) ton
(10-wheel Dump Truck Power Plush)

105000


Notice - (1) Trash Vehicle rents including lubricant.

(2) No service with sanitation workers.

YCDC fixed trash wheel costing rate is 2500 MMK one time.


8. Cleaning and collection of backstreet

For the waste in the backstreets which is discarded irresponsibly by the public, the committee does not collect them with the designated systems and only the responsible street / ward shall collect them. However the committee lets the public to pay only diesel for garbage truck if the public wants the committee to collect this waste. The responsible street / ward shall collect the waste and lift up them to the garbage truck with their own system.


9. The charge for the people who discard the waste at final disposal sites with their own plan

If a person who does not use the collection system of the committee or on call system discards the waste at designated final disposal sites with his own plan, shall pay the designated charge (5000) kyats for the 1st ton and (2000) kyats for additional one ton.


10. Prohibitions for pollution control and cleansing

  • No person shall dispose of garden, factory, industrial, and construction waste, trade commercial, clinical and hospital waste, hazardous and electronic waste, and offensive matters, only at places, specified by the Committee.

  • No person residing in all floors of the building, shall sweep down, throw away, spill, or let fall waste, an offensive matters, onto the waterworks, or public roads.

  • No person shall sweep down, spill, pour or let fall waste or offensive matter into the waterworks, public roads or back lanes.

  • No person shall dig, spoil or spread waste at such places, where there are waste receptacles, tanks or containers, without the permission of the Committee.

  • No person shall take away, collected waste, to be converted to soil earth, or other use, without the permission of the Committee.

  • No person shall dispose of waste water from factories, industries, trade or commercial enterprises, into waterworks, rivers, and canal, without being purified, according to the standard specified by the Committee.

  • No person shall exhume, buried or entombed corpse, or take away those in the mortuary, without the permission of the Committee.

  • No person shall break open, destroy, remove or repair the tombs or vaults, without the permission of the Committee.

  • No person shall:

- bury and exhume corpses elsewhere, other than in the cemeteries

- establish, use or work his building as mortuary, cemetery, rest house, or cremation machinery without the permission of the Committee.

  1. No person shall run the business of using hearses, and making and selling coffins, without the registered certificated, issued by the Committee.

  2. No person shall keep the hearse, and other carriages, at places, not specified by the Committee.

  3. No person shall dispose of any kinds of waste at compound, sites or any dumping sites except the places specified places specified by the Committee.

  4. No person shall collect the waste, transport and dispose of these collected waste at places specified by the Committee and elsewhere without the permission of the Committee.

  5. No person shall dispose of fumes and smokes that pollute the environment from factories, industries and the trade or commercial enterprises into the air without being purified, according to the standard specified by the Committee.


11. Public Toilets

Committee constructs (30) toilets including (26) aboveground toilets and (4) mobile urine toilets in suitable places for public utility and collects charges.

 

12. Mobile Toilets

The committee lets the public borrow mobile toilets and toilet vehicles with charge and the charges are as follows:

  • For toilet (1 unit) 10000 kyat par day.

  • For toilet vehicles (1 unit) 150000 kyat per day.

 

13. Classification of townships according to districts in order to perform funeral

(a) Yeway Cemetery

  • South Okkalarpa

  • Tamwe

  • Dawpon

  • Pazuntaung

  • Botahtaung

  • Bahan

  • Mingalar Taung Nyunt

  • Mingalardon

  • Mayangone (East)

  • North Okkalarpa

  • Yankin

  • Shwe Pyi Thar

  • Hlaing (East)

  • Thingangyun

  • Insein(East)

  • Dagon (North- North Side)

(b) Htein Bin Cemetery

  • Kyauktada

  • Kyinmyintaing

  • Kamaryut

  • Sanchaung

  • Dagon

  • Pabetan

  • Mayangone (West)

  • Hlaing (West)

  • Lanmataw

  • Latha

  • Hlaing Thar Yar (West)

  • Insein (West)

  • Alone

(c) Kyi Su Cemetery

  • Dagon (Seikkan)

  • Dagon (South)

  • Dagon (North-South Side)

  • Dagon (East)

  • Tharketa

(d) Kyu Khaung Cemetery

  • Shwe Pyi Thar

(e) Dala Cemetery

  • Dala

(f) Seikkyi Kha Naung To Cemetery

  • Seikkyi Kha Naung To

(g) Seikkyi Cemetery

  • Seikkyi

Supplement

Supplement for "Services"

If the townships designated to cremate in Htein Bin cementery wanted to keep dead body in mortuaries in Yeway cementery in order to cremate, there must be paid(100000) kyats as a charge. If they wanted to cremate the dead body directly in non- designated cemetery, there was no need to pay the charge.

No one can take out the dead body that has been kept in mortuaries of cemetery to outside without permission of the department.

 

14. Documents for burial

  • When a funeral occurs, the cemeteries give service to carry the dead body during 24 hours.

  • The people can contact with the cemeteries by phone or in person.

  • The cemeteries can also arrange to keep the dead body in mortuaries according to the desire of people.

  • The cemeteries can arrange funeral services for the whole procedure.

  • No one carry without burial certificate.

  • The following documents are necessary if the people wants the skeleton outside -

(i) Application Form

(ii) Pledge of applicant

(iii) Testimonial of family

(iv) Burial Certificate

(v) Census Copy

(vi) Dead person's registration card

(vii) Applicant's Copy

  • Committee has to designate special procedures for burial of dead bodies that die of criminal act after contact with related police stations and receive the necessary documents.

 

15. Time limit for corpse transportation

Hearses carry the corpse with burial certificate within 24 hours. The responsible person for the corpse shall accompany with the hearse.

 

16. Fee for Disposing Expire Medicines

  • For incineration process, the fee is 10000 kyat for an hour.

  • If burning time exceeds one hour, the fee is 2500 kyat for every fifteen minutes.

  • For embedding process, the fee is 5000 kyat for one Square feet as land lease fee.

  • If the volume exceeds one Square feet ,the fee is 4500 kyat for every extra one Square feet.

 

17. Test Standards of Industrial Zone

Waste water excused from industrial zones is tested by the following standards:

  • PH 6.0 - 9.6

  • BOD 20 - 60 ppm

  • COD < 200 ppm

  • TS up to 2000 ppm

  • SS up to 500 ppm

Directives by PCCD-YCDC for Industrial Waste Water discharging

According to YCDC Executives Meeting held on (13-6-2017) with the meeting serial number (15/2017) for taking action and fine to factories which discharged waste water, the following rules are designated;

  • For First Offence, must pay designated fines amount

  • For Second Offence, must pay designated double amount of fines

  • For Third Offence, must pay designated triple amount of fines

  • For Fourth Offence, taking action of closing factory license

Designated fines for kinds of factories

  • Kind of Factories which have to pay 50,000 Kyats for Fines

  • Kind of Factories which have to pay 100,000 Kyats for Fines

  • Kind of Factories which have to pay 200,000 Kyats for Fines

  • Kind of Factories which have to pay 300,000 Kyats for Fines

Kind of Factories which have to pay 50,000 Kyats for Fines

  • Construction Materials Production Factory

  • Forestry Materials Production Factory

  • Electronics Production Factory

  • Auto Mobile and Accessories Production Factory

  • Iron melting, Ironing Materials, Steels and Aluminium Production Factory

  • Machinery Production Factory

  • Ice Berg Production Factory

  • Gas Production Factory

  • Clothes Washing Factory

  • High Rises Buildings

  • Fire Extinguishers Production Factory

  • Pipe Production Factory

  • Auto Mobile Accessories and Servicing Factory

 

Kind of Factories which have to pay 100,000 Kyats for Fines

  • Bean Fining Factory

  • Glass and Mirror Production Factory

  • Concrete Production Factory

  • Plated and Ceramic Materials Production Factory

Kind of Factories which have to pay 200,000 Kyats for Fines

  • Garment Factory

  • Goods Production Factory

  • Foods/Child Nutrition Foods Production Factory

  • Paper and Stationeries Production Factory

  • Plastics and Accessories Production Factory

  • Wheat Production Factory

  • Penan bags and Gounni Bags Production Factory

  • Ban Oil/Sesame Oil/ Sunflower Oil/Oil-Palm Production Factory

  • Fish Preserve or shrimp paste Production Factory

  • Hospital Materials Production Factory

  • Bricks/Concrete Production Factory

  • Slipper Production Factory

  • Petro Production Factory

  • Batteries Production Factory

  • Water Fining Factory

  • Leather Factory

  • Beer Factory

  • Beverage Factory

  • Odour Release Factory

Kind of Factories which have to pay 300,000 Kyats for Fines

  • Dyeing and Printing Works Factory

  • Chemical Products Factory

  • Distillery Factory

  • Aluminum and Melting Factory

  • Pharmaceutical Factory

  • House Paint Manufacturers Factory

  • High Buildings

  • Tissue Factory

  • Mosquito Repellent Factory

  • Battery Factory

18. Rate of Waste Generation

According to the waste collection system in Yangon, waste generation is 2387.12 tons per day and so it can be discovered that a person disposes 0.41 kg of the waste daily.

 

19. Classification of waste

Kinds of waste generated in Yangon City are as follows:

  • Hospital Waste 0.1 %

  • Commercial and Market Waste 35%

  • Household Waste 61.9 %

  • Other waste 3%

20. Waste generation and Waste collection system

Current generation is 2387.12 tons per day. Among them, waste collection is 2057 tons per day and these collected waste are disposed with bell ringing system, sweeping system, round collection system, on call system and brick tank and dust bin system. And then they are collected by garbage truck and transported to final disposal site.


21. Location and area of Final Disposal Sites

Final disposal sites in Yangon City are as follows:

  • Htawe Chaung Final Disposal Site in North Dagon Township

Total area (147.22) acre Used area (95) acre

  • Htein Bin Final Disposal Site in Hlaing Thar Yar Township

Total area (150) acre Used area (100) acre


22. Current disposal sites

  • 1287.75 tons per day at Htein Bin FDS

  • 1070.5 tons per day at Htawe Chaung FDS

  • 21.76 tons per day at Dala FDS

  • 7.11 tons per day at Seikkyi Khanaungto FDS

23. Data for Industrial Zones

(a) Industrial Zones (29)pcs

(b) Factories (3899)pcs


(i) Garment (354)pcs

(ii) Food-Stuff (334)pcs

(iii) Chemical Products (56) pcs

(iv) Iron and Melting (519)pcs

(v) Cold Storage (45) pcs

(vi) Paper and Cardboard (105) pcs

(vii) Distillery (9) pcs

(viii) Forest Product (148)pcs

(ix) Public Use Goods (709)pcs

(x) Others (1423) pcs


24. Conditions of Expired Medicine disposing

Expired medicines are disposed separately as follows:

  • Incineration

  • submerging in deep wells

The medical waste, that is no effect to air, is destroyed by using incineration process and explosive medicine is destroyed by submerging in deep wells.

Some kinds of medicine is destroyed by incineration process at Yangon Waste to Energy Plant (YWTEP) in Mingalardon Township.

 

25. Awareness Activities for Solid Waste Management (SWM)

Currently, PCCD-YCDC is conducting School and Public awareness programs related with SWM, discussion for awareness programs by distributing flyers and pamphlets, making questions and answers, waste sorting games & competition for Integrated Solid Waste Management.

 

26. Foreign Cooperation Projects

(1) According to (3) years project started from (1.6.2015- 31.5.2018) named "Project for Capacity Development in Basic Water Environment Management and EIA System in Myanmar", for inspecting and monitoring Hlaing River in Yangon and Dohtawati River in Mandalay by collaborating YCDC, MCDC and Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation (MONREC), Environmental Conservation Department (ECD) and JICA Expert Team.

(2) Developed (60) tons per day Yangon Waste to Energy Plant by collaborating YCDC and JFE Future Engineering) located in Hlawgar Road, Shwe Pyi Thar Township near Taw Khaung Khalay Cemetery;

Technical Specification (1) Combustion System : JFE Hyper Grate Stoker Furnace (2) Processing Capacity : 60 tons/day (3) Steam Turbine Capacity : 700 kW (4) Boiler : Natural Circulation Type (5) Condenser : Water Cooled Type (6) Flue Gas Treatment : Bag house Filter (7) Stack : Height 33.3m

(3)  Implementing the Technical Cooperation Project by using Semi-aerobic Sanitary Landfill Project collaborated between Yangon City Development Committee (YCDC), Pollution Control and Cleansing Department (PCCD) and Fukuoka City (Japan)

-  YCDC and Fukuoka City, Japan has signed the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) since 2013. The aim of the MoU is to strength city to city collaboration, to develop a part of urban infrastructure especially on water supply, sewage system and solid waste and to support with development programs in city area.

-  Nowadays, PCCD and Fukuoka City, Japan are implementing for Sanitary Landfill Pilot Project by using Fukuoka Landfill Method at Htein Bin Final Disposal Site.


-  The Project period starting from 2018 to 2020. From 2017 to end of Fiscal Year, PCCD and Fukuoka City are conducting field study, land surveying at project area, designing and studying current situation of project area by costing Fukuoka City' Expenses.


- (1) Hectares (2) acres of land area will use at Htein Bin FDS in Hlaing Thar Yar Township by applying Sanitary Landfill Fukuoka Method for Project Implementation Area. -  Currently, open dumping system is applying at FDSs and leads to Air, Water and Land Pollution so that shall apply Sanitary Landfill method.


-  If open dumping system will apply continuously, the Land Scare Problem will raise within (5) years. It is needed to change dumping system for sustainable environmental conservation plans and protection environmental damaging issue by using advanced technologies such as Incineration and Sanitary Landfill process. According to implementation current Pilot Project by applying Sanitary Landfill Fukuoka Method, engineers and officers from PCCD could get knowledge and experiences for extension for large scale projects sustainably.

 Advantages of applying Semi-aerobic sanitary Landfill Technology

-   Reduction Air Pollution of Methane Gas Releasing from Final Disposal Sites

-   Protection Soil and surface/underground water damaging from dumping waste on the ground illegally

-   Reduction Land Scare Problem of dumping waste and by using Landfill Technology, surface ground could reuse after conducting treatment process

-   Protection surface and underground water damaging from releasing lechate from waste dumping illegally

(4) Implementation JCM Projects study from City to City Collaboration by signing Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Yangon City and Kawasaki City.

(5) Technical Cooperation Project to develop (5) years or (10) years Master Plan for implementing annual action plan of Pollution Control and Environmental Conservation by collaborating between YCDC-PCCD and Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA).

 

Contact Phone Numbers

Head Office - 01-296874၊ 01-201459၊ 01-299454 (Ext - 181၊ 182 ၊184 ၊188)

Eastern Office - 09-453891760

Western Office - 09-453891789

Southern Office - 09-453891822

Northern Office - 09-453891855

Vehicle Section - 09-453891884

Yeway Cementery - 01-701123

Htein Bin Cementery - 09-8618059

Supplement for "Contact Phone Numbers"

Kyi Su Cemetery - 09-8601423

 

Website Address

https://www.ycdc.gov.mm